Black Wealth

Robert Reed Church was a prominent African American entrepreneur and civic leader who made significant contributions during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. he established the Solvent Savings Bank, one of the first Black-owned banks in the United States, providing financial opportunities for the African American community. Church was also a key figure in Memphis politics, advocating for civil rights and equality. His efforts included supporting education and contributing to the growth of the Black community in Memphis.

Biddy Mason, born and enslaved in 1818, became a remarkable figure in American history known for her resilience and contributions. In 1856, Mason gained her freedom when a court in California ruled in her favor. She went on to establish herself as a successful businesswoman and philanthropist in Los Angeles. Biddy Mason worked as a nurse and midwife, providing valuable healthcare services to the community. Over the years, she invested in real estate, amassing wealth and becoming one of the first African American women to own land in Los Angeles. Biddy Mason's legacy is not only one of personal triumph over adversity but also of her dedication to helping others and making a positive impact on her community. Her story is an inspiring example of determination, entrepreneurship, and compassion.

Jeremiah G. Hamilton was a trailblazing figure in the 19th century, known for his remarkable success as a Black businessman and financier. Hamilton was a skilled investor and broker, earning him the nickname "Prince of Darkness" due to his financial acumen. He navigated the challenging financial world, amassing significant wealth through real estate deals, stock trading, and other ventures. His legacy as a pioneering Black entrepreneur serves as an inspiration and a testament to the resilience and capability of individuals to overcome obstacles.

Oprah Winfrey was born in rural Mississippi in 1954. In 1986, she began hosting The Oprah Winfrey Show. Over the years, she grew the show into the highest-rated television program of its kind in history. She is thought to be the wealthiest African American and North America's first African American multi-billionaire. In 2004, she created the Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in South Africa. Her philanthropy is virtually unmatched. A 2012 estimate suggests that she has donated more than $400 million around the world.

Mary Ellen Pleasant, born in 1814, was a remarkable African American entrepreneur and civil rights activist during the 19th century. Known as the "Mother of Civil Rights in California," Pleasant played a significant role in the abolitionist movement and the fight against racial injustice. Born and enslaved, she gained her freedom and went on to amass wealth through savvy investments, including in the hotel and restaurant business. Pleasant used her financial success to support abolitionist causes, providing resources for fugitive slaves and contributing to legal battles for civil rights. Despite facing racial discrimination, Mary Ellen Pleasant became a powerful and influential figure, advocating for equality and justice. Her legacy is a testament to her resilience, business acumen, and unwavering commitment to the pursuit of freedom and equality for all.

Madam C.J. Walker was a pioneering businesswoman and beauty entrepreneur who made significant strides in the early 20th century. Born Sarah Breedlove on December 23, 1867, she faced challenges as an African American woman in a time when opportunities were limited. Despite adversity, Walker developed a successful line of hair care and beauty products designed for Black women. She became the first self-made female millionaire in the United States through her innovative business ventures. Madam C.J. Walker's legacy extends beyond her entrepreneurial success; she was also a philanthropist and advocate for civil rights. Her determination, business acumen, and commitment to empowering Black women have left an enduring impact on the beauty industry and paved the way for future generations of entrepreneurs.